What You Need To Know About IoT Networking Architecture

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IoT Networking Architecture

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Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the different physical devices all around the world that collect and share data after being connected to the internet. With the help of wireless networks and cheap processors, that are readily available nowadays is possible to turn almost anything to be a part of IoT. IoT enables, devices to communicate real-time data without the humans being involved, thus adding a level of digital intelligence to the device which otherwise would be dumb.

To Give A Few Examples Of IoT:

A light bulb or a television set that can be turned on and off using one’s smartphone (via a mobile application) is an IoT device. Similarly, a motion-sensor device or a smart thermostat which is connected inside your office too is an IoT device.

What Are The Major Benefits Of IoT In The Field Of Business?

By transforming a device into an IoT device, it can transmit data. This itself is the greatest use of IoT in the field of business. With devices being capable of transmitting data, it can provide information regarding its performance. This, in turn, helps companies identify the component within a device which is likely to cause damage and so prevent the device from malfunctioning.

Now, What Are The Major Benefits Of IoT For The Consumers?

We have seen how IoT can help to make the devices more efficient in the business sector. Likewise, IoT can also help consumers as well. For consumers, IoT can help to make their lives easy by doing small, but significant tasks such as play music set timers etc, on smart speakers (for example, Amazon's Echo and Google Home). It can also help consumers to monitor what is happening outside through home security systems, that at IoT devices which transmit information about the situation outside, etc.

The Three Major Layers In An IoT Architecture:

  1. Client-side layer (IoT device).
  2. Pathway for connecting clients and operators (IoT platform).
  3. The operators on the server side (IoT getaway).

The Main Stages In An IoT Architecture Diagram:

  1. Stage one consists of wireless sensors and actuators which are mainly used for networking. The sensing and actuating stage helps in gathering all details, covering and adjusting everything required in the physical world in order to gain insights for further analysis.
  2. Stage two consists of data aggregation systems and analogue-to-digital data conversion. Hence, in stage two, data is both aggregated and digitized.
  3. In the third stage, the data which is prepared in the other two stages are transmitted to the IT world. It is the IT systems that perform enhanced analytics and pre-processing in this stage.
  4. In the fourth stage or the final stage, the data is processed and analyzed precisely. The processes in this stage normally happen in the cloud or in the data centre.
  5. An extra stage can be added in order to build a sustainable IoT architecture. The main processes that take place in this stage are management and visualization. In this stage, the user's control over the structure is initiated (if the result doesn't include full automation).

After this fifth stage, then stage one repeats all over again forming a cycle.

With everything - from devices to services getting smarter, IoT plays significant role digitization and boosting technological revolution. The studies and works related to IoT are progressing fast and newer implications and innovations can be seen in the near future.